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I can not guarantee the accuracy of the information provided. I am only providing a front end. Crossroads: an interdisciplinary journal for the study of history, philosophy, religion and classics. Die Welt des Islams: internationale Zeitschrift fuer die Geschichte des Islams in der Neuzeit - international journal for the history of modern Islam.
Sophia: an international journal for philosophical theology and cross-cultural philosophy of religion. Manage your marked Items. Import List. Read this Journal on Springerlink. For authors and editors. Aims and Scope Aims and Scope Close. Services for the Journal.
Contacts Contacts. Shipping Dates Close. Alerts for this journal. Phenomenology had been practiced long before its being made explicit as a philosophical method by Edmund Husserl , who is considered to be its founder.
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In the context of Phenomenology of religion however, the term was first used by Pierre Daniel Chantepie de la Saussaye in his work "Lehrbuch der Religiongeschichte" Chantepie's phenomenology catalogued observable characteristics of religion much like a zoologist would categorize animals or an entomologist would categorize insects. His other main conceptual contribution is the idea of the epoche : setting aside metaphysical questions and observing phenomena in and of themselves, without any bias or commitments on the part of the investigator.
The epoche, also known as phenomenological reduction or bracketing, involves approaching a phenomenon or phenomena from a neutral standpoint, instead of with our own particular attitudes. In performing this reduction, whatever phenomenon or phenomena we approach are understood in themselves, rather than from our own perspectives.
In the field of religious studies, a contemporary advocate of the phenomenological method is Ninian Smart. He suggests that we should perform the epoche as a means to engage in cross-cultural studies. In doing so, we can take the beliefs, symbols, rituals etc. Another earlier scholar who employs the phenomenological method for studying religion is Gerardus van der Leeuw. In his Religion in Essence and Manifestation , he outlines what a phenomenology of religion should look like:. The subjectivity inherent to the phenomenological study of religion makes complete and comprehensive understanding highly difficult.
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However, phenomenologists aim to separate their formal study of religion from their own theological worldview and to eliminate, as far as possible, any personal biases e. There are a number of both theoretical and methodological attitudes common among phenomenologists: source.
Many scholars of religious studies argued that phenomenology was "the distinctive method of the discipline". Segal stating that it amounted to "no more than data gathering" alongside "the classification of the data gathered". Functionalism , in regard to religious studies, is the analysis of religions and their various communities of adherents using the functions of particular religious phenomena to interpret the structure of religious communities and their beliefs.
The approach was introduced by British anthropologist Alfred Radcliffe-Brown. An example of a functionalist approach is understanding the dietary restrictions contained in the Pentateuch as having the function of promoting health or providing social identity i. Lived religion is the ethnographic and holistic framework for understanding the beliefs, practices, and everyday experiences of religious and spiritual persons in religious studies. The concept of lived religion was popularized in the late 20th century by religious study scholars like Robert A.
Orsi and David Hall.
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The study of lived religion has come to include a wide range of subject areas as a means of exploring and emphasizing what a religious person does and what they believe. Today, the field of lived religion is expanding to include many topics and scholars.
Western philosophy of religion, as the basic ancestor of modern religious studies, is differentiated from theology and the many Eastern philosophical traditions by generally being written from a third party perspective.
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The scholar need not be a believer. Theology stands in contrast to the philosophy of religion and religious studies in that, generally, the scholar is first and foremost a believer employing both logic and scripture as evidence. Theology according to this understanding fits with the definition which Anselm of Canterbury gave to it in the 11th century, credo ut intelligam , or faith seeking understanding literally, "I believe so that I may understand".
The theologian then has the task of making intelligible, or clarifying, the religious commitments to which he or she subscribes. The scholar of religious studies has no such allegiances. A group of scholars have criticized religious studies beginning in the s as a theological project which actually imposes views onto the people it aims to survey. Prominent voices in this critical view include Jonathan Z.
Oddie, Richard E. King , Russell T. McCutcheon , and Daniel Dubuisson. Their areas of research overlap heavily with postcolonial studies. Much of the latest scholarship appears in the scholarly journals, which also typically review and evaluate new monographs. There are a large numbers of peer-reviewed scholarly journals in the discipline of Religious Studies. Many journals focus on historical or sociological topics or concentrate on particular religious traditions, such as Judaism or Islam.
Religious studies journals have been laggard in gaining accessibility through the Internet, but libraries specializing in religious history have started to catch up. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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For the academic journal, see Religious Studies journal. See also: History of religion. Main articles: Evolutionary origin of religions , Evolutionary psychology of religion , and Revelation. Main article: Psychology of religion. Main article: Sociology of religion.
Main article: Law and religion. Main article: Phenomenology philosophy. Adcock Oxford University Press. New York: HarperCollins, , p. Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 8 May Archived from the original on 23 August Archived from the original on 12 September New York: Ballantyne Books. Christiano, et al. Journal of Law and Religion.
Cole Durham, and Brett G. Scharffs, eds. Law and religion: national, international, and comparative perspectives Aspen Pub, Alexander, eds. American Journal of Comparative Law. Approaches to the Study of Religion. Riddle A History of the Middle Ages, Capps, Walter H.
Religious Studies: The Making of a Discipline. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. Herling, Bradley L. A Beginner's Guide to the Study of Religion second ed. London: Bloomsbury.